COPD exacerbations are common. Concurrent cardiovascular involvement is frequent and adversely affects prognosis. COPD exacerbations are opportunities to not only optimise lung health, but also to enhance cardiovascular diagnosis and treatment.
- Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD) exacerbations are times of physiological stress resulting in heightened cardiovascular risk in individuals at high risk of cardiovascular disease.
- COPD exacerbations can reveal cardiovascular disease and are an opportunity for cardiovascular risk assessment.
- COPD exacerbations are opportunities to make a difference to both pulmonary and cardiac outcomes.