Perspectives

Smoking cessation – helping patients quit

Perspectives

Smoking cessation – helping patients quit

Nicholas Zwar

Figures

© sezeryadigar/ istockkphoto.com
© sezeryadigar/ istockkphoto.com

Abstract

The extensive health benefits of smoking cessation are undeniable; however, for many patients the concept of quitting can be daunting and difficult. An individualised combination of behavioural support and pharmacological interventions can help support patients to quit smoking.

Key Points

  • Smoking continues to be prevalent in our society and the use of e-cigarettes is increasing.
  • Smoking is associated with detrimental health effects, including a higher risk of hospitalisation and death with COVID-19.
  • Behavioural support along with treatment of nicotine dependence is the most effective approach to supporting smoking cessation.
  • First-line pharmacotherapy options are nicotine replacement therapy, varenicline and bupropion.
  • Nicotine e-cigarettes may assist some smokers to quit but there is a lack of evidence regarding efficacy and safety.